10 tribes of israel evidence tour Book of Mormon Chronology

October 7-20, 2024

$ 2,800 pp dbl occup
  • $3,675 pp single occup
  • $2,700 pp triple occup
  • $2,600 pp quad occup

Guided by Rod Meldrum

head and shoulders of Rod Meldrum in a suit

Tour Includes

Not Included:

Itinerary

Fly into Tallahassee, Florida and board our motor-coach that will be waiting at the airport. 

Book of Mormon Chronology Tour Begins:

First, we drive through the pristine swamps and grasslands of St. Marks National Refuge, therefore beginning our journey 2,000 years into the past. Our destination tonight is the picturesque St. Mark’s Lighthouse on the undisturbed coastline of the Gulf of Mexico. Here, we discover the landing site of Lehi and his family from Jerusalem, officially beginning the chronology of the Book of Mormon. In addition, guests experience the thrill of a gulf coast sunset as it may have looked when Lehi and his family arrived in this area nearly 600 years before Christ. 

Following this experience, we overnight in Tallahassee.

Continuing our journey of Book of Mormon Chronology, we hit 2 important sites today. First of which, are the Letchworth Mounds. Found at the Letchworth Mounds State Archaeological Park. Following exploration at the mounds of this archaeological park, we travel to Macon, Georgia. At this site, we see the Ocmulgee National Monument and Museum. Additionally, we experience the only fully excavated mound that has been restored at this location. Finally, we drive on past Atlanta to Kennesaw, Georgia. Here, we overnight. 

Letchworth – Love Mounds State Archaeological Park

According to archaeologists, this site has been occupied by Native American cultures over a span of several centuries. However, we believe these Native American cultures to be the lamanites of the Book of Mormon. Holding occupation over this land, as well as creating Florida’s largest ceremonial earthwork.

Overall, the site contains several mounds, including burial and temple mounds. Each of which, is arranged around a central plaza. Additionally, the earliest evidence of these Native American inhabitants dates back to 1100-1700 CE. Several artifacts have also been found in excavation, for example, pottery and shell tools, as well as ceremonial objects.

Ocmulgee National Monument

Infamously, the Ocmulgee National Monument preserves, as well as interprets, the remains of ancient Native American cultures. As explorers of the heartland, we believe that to mean the cultures of the Book of Mormon people. Amazingly, the site contains evidence of human habitation dating back over 17,000 years. Overall, serving as a major center for several prehistoric cultures.

Additionally, Ocmulgee features several earthen mounds, consistent to those found all over Nephite and Lamanite inhabited areas. Of course, of these mounds we visit the Great Temple Mound, which is the largest and most prominent on the site. However, a real treat is the reconstructed ceremonial structure, also known as the Earth Lodge. In short, the Earth Lodge provides insight into the construction techniques and ceremonial activities of the ancient inhabitants. Also, the Earth Lodge is the only fully excavated mound that has been reconstructed for this full body experience.

Finally, we drive on past Atlanta to Kennesaw Georgia.

First, breakfast. Afterwards, we spend part of the morning on the Leake Mounds Interpretive Trail. Following, a visit to the Etowah Indian Mounds Historic site. Continuing down the southern side of the Appalachian Mountains, we find ourselves in Cherokee, North Carolina. At which point, we visit the Museum of the Cherokee Indian, as well as see the display of the famous Bat Creek’s Stone. Finally, we journey to Great Smoky Mountains National Park before our overnight in Pigeon Forge.

Leake Mounds Interpretive Trail

Roughly, the trail is about 1.5 miles long of interactive landmarks. For example, visitors can scan QR codes using their phones to give them added information about the significance of each area. Additionally, our guests learn more from Rod Meldrum about the Nephites that inhabited this area so many centuries ago. The chronology of these Book of Mormon sites progresses, as we move from the Leake Mounds, which are older, to the Etowah Mounds.

Etowah Indian Mounds Historic Site

Six mounds are found at this site, all of which archaeologically date back to 1000-1500 CE. However, only three main platform mounds are arranged around a central plaza. Largest of those, Mound A, stands at over 60 feet in height. Likely, it served as a platform for the residences of elite individuals or ceremonial structures. Additionally, Mound B contains a burial chamber, and Mound C is a much smaller mound. 

Excavations at this site yield a wealth of artifacts, including copper ornaments, pottery and stone tools, as well as other items. Therefore, the artifacts indicate the complexity of a society. Moreover, the layout of the mounds and the plaza also suggest a carefully planned out and organized space. In addition to the earthen mounds, evidence of wooden structures is found at the site. 

Bat Creek Stone

Initially, this stone was discovered in 1889 during an excavation led by the Smithsonian Institution. Originally, discovered in an undisturbed burial mound, as well as other artifacts, including pottery and skeletal remains. The stone, a small piece of slate, bears an inscription that some have interpreted as Paleo-Hebrew writing. Specifically, the inscription reads “for Judea.” Therefore, leading to debates about the stones authenticity and significance. 

Mainly, the controversy grows from scholars and their failure to grasp that there could have been the presence of ancient Hebrews in pre-columbian America. Some, continue to assert that it is a modern forgery or misinterpretation. However, we know better. This stone is a piece of modern day evidence that links Israel with the United States long before European discovery.

Our first stop of the day finds us at the McClung Museum on the University of Tennessee campus. Following our visit, we climb to the top of Lookout Mountain. From the top you can overlook portions of 7 different states, including Tennessee, Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina, as well as Alabama. Afterwards, we go to Old Stone Fort, and then while in Nashville, we visit the Tennessee State Museum. 

McClung Museum

A great way to see the chronology of the Book of Mormon laid out for us to see, is through the organization of a museum. Collections of the museum feature archaeological, as well as anthropological artifacts, including from both prehistoric, and historic cultures. Of which, include Native American artifacts, such as tools, ceramics, and including items related to daily life. Additionally, the museum also has a significant collection of artifacts from Egypt. Using these displays, we discuss as a group how the Book of Mormon chronology continues in the Land of Nephi.

Old Stone Fort

Traditionally, Old Stone Fort is an ancient ‘place of retreat’ surrounded by canyons and waterfalls. Featuring a distinctive geometric earthwork enclosure, it also consists of earthen walls as well as mounds. In fact, the walls themselves are designed with two 90° angels, as well as two slightly obtuse angels. Therefore allowing its design to be aligned with astronomical events, such as the summer solstice, as well as lunar standstill.

Originally, the construction of the Old Stone Fort dates back over 2,000 years to the Middle Woodland period, around 250 BCE to 500 CE. Indeed, the site underwent original construction in several phases, with evidence of habitation and ceremonial activities. Additionally, within the enclosure, there are several mounds. Each of which is positioned within the geometric layout at key locations, including a central mound among others.

Tennessee State Museum

This museum plays a crucial role in preserving the state’s cultural heritage, as well as providing a platform for education and appreciation of its diverse history. Furthermore, as visitors to this museum, we explore and appreciate the dynamic and evolving narrative and displays that the state of Tennessee provides us concerning their archaeological discoveries.

Of which, discoveries related to Tennessee’s Native American history are featured in the museum, including many artifacts and exhibits. Through hundreds of which, we explore the lifeways of the Book of Mormon people who inhabited the region.

Beginning today with a visit to the Pinson Mounds State Park, after which, the group will transfer over to the New Madrid Historical Museum. Through each of these we explore the chronology of the Book of Mormon, including in Nephite settlements, as well as witnessing the destruction of many mighty earthquakes. 

Pinson Mounds State Park

In total, the Pinson Mounds comprises of at least 17 mounds arranged in various geometric shapes. Of these, circles, rectangles, and an intricately shaped mound are a part of the layout. Additionally, this sites is significant for its well-preserved archaeological features and artifacts. Several excavations yield evidence of ceremonial activities, as well as residential structures and burials. Overall, providing insights into the ways of life amongst the ancient inhabitants.

Notable features of the mound complex include both Saul’s Mound, as well as Woodhenge. While the central feature of this site, Saul’s Mound is a complex structure with a unique shape. Additionally, it is the second-tallest surviving prehistoric mound in North America while standing at approximately 72 feet in height. Woodhenge on the other hand, is adjacent to Saul’s Mound. It demonstrates a solar calendar through a circle of wooden posts. Moreover, the posts are aligned to mark the sunrise and sunset during specific times of the year, indicating seasonal changes.

New Madrid

Here, is a large zone of seismic activity. Tracing the history of several earthquakes that have occurred in this area, we easily find a place for them in our Book of Mormon chronology. Especially, the five largest earthquakes ever recorded in history to strike America. In addition, these five massive earthquakes easily connect to that of the earthquake occurring in Jerusalem at the time of the crucifixion of Christ.

Paducah, KY

Following, in Paducah we discuss that Mosiah came north on the Tennessee River to reach the land of Zarahemla. Guests will get a chance to pass through the flood wall and its beautiful historical murals to the water’s edge. You will certainly appreciate how massive these rivers are as we learn about the roles they played in Book of Mormon History. 

The group will overnight in Paducah, KY.

Today we experience the Giant City State Park, because one of its ancient fortifications catches our eye in relation to Book of Mormon Chronology. After which, we make our way to the largest earth structure in the world — Monk’s Mound. As a result, we briefly explore the rest of Cahokia Mounds State Historical Site. Moreover, the group spends time exploring the childhood home of Mark Twain, in Hannibal, Missouri. 

Giant City State Park

Located in southern Illinois, it gathers attention for its unique rock formations, hiking trails, and natural beauty. One of the notable features of this state park, is the string of ancient fortifications that run through it. Of interest among these fortifications is simply, “Stone Fort.” By way of the Giant City Nature Trail, we find access to the Stone Fort. This trail winds through the park, offering opportunities to explore the unique rock formations, including the Stone Fort.

Monks Mound

Notably, Monks Mound is the largest earth structure in the world. With an impressive 17 acre base, it rises to an equally impressive 100 feet in height. The mound itself was constructed through several stages between approximately 900 and 1200 CE by the Nephites. Additionally, this mound is located in the Cahokia Mounds State Historical Site, just east of St. Louis. Overall, this site preserves the remnants of the ancient city inhabited 1000 years ago. Also, the site contains various mounds, plazas, and a woodhenge.

After a quick ride down Hannibal’s Main Street, our group heads north with our first stop at Little Mound Cemetery. Located just outside of Keokuk, Iowa, we have mound known for burials. In addition, we visit the area of Zarahemla, named by the Lord in D&C 125:3. Also, the group may discuss why the Des Moines rapids made this site one of the most strategically important locations in all of North America. 

Phoenician Exhibit

In 2009, as well as in 2019, Philip Beale set out on an expedition. Wanting to prove that the ancient Phoenicians could have crossed the Atlantic 2,000 years before Christopher Columbus, he set out to do just that. In addition, using the shipwrecks of the same period, he replicated the voyager believed to carry these Phoenicians in their ancient journey.

This same replica of the 600 BC Phoenicia Ship has sailed over 30,000 nautical miles since its construction. As for now, the vessel is in Iowa at the Phoenician Museum. Additionally, the city is meant to be the great city of Zarahemla from the Book of Mormon, over 600 yers ago. As a result, these voyages are an ideal test of the veracity of the Book of Mormon account. 

Old Nauvoo

Beginning with a bus tour of Old Nauvoo to acquaint you with the many sites where you can visit during your free time the following day. Guests will enjoy a special fireside presentation that evening.

Sites to Look Forward to at Nauvoo:
Historic Homes

Impressively, the Historic Nauvoo District houses more than 20 historic homes for visitors to explore. For example, the William Weeks Home, homes of the early apostles, the Mansion house, including many others! Easily, we could spend days here, which is why we offer time for free exploration as well as group guided exploration. Altogether, have the experience at historic Nauvoo that you wish to.

Main Street Trades

Through working with tin, leather, and paper, tradespeople sustained the economy of this swelling city along the Mississippi. In addition to a print shop and post office, see the historic Browning Gun Shop. Also, take the time to see the Stoddard Tin Shop, Riser Boot and Shoe Shop, or even, the old Schoolhouse.

Nauvoo Temple

Originally, the Nauvoo Temple was built and dedicated back in the 19th century. However, after a great exodus of Saints from Nauvoo, there came mobs intent on destroying the sacred edifice. Tragically, the Nauvoo Temple burned to the ground with few remains. Fortunately, in the 20th century, the reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple began, and is now fully operational. An iconic feature, the statue of Moroni on top, faces the West, symbolically representing the exodus of Saints, and commending their sacrifices.

As we say goodbye to Old Nauvoo, our thoughts will turn to Joseph’s life —and death— as we visit Carthage Jail. Here, we discuss the life of the founding prophet of this dispensation. Next, we explore the hidden trail to Zelph’s Mound where Joseph received a vision. Following, we travel to President Abraham Lincoln’s hometown of Springfield, Illinois, before, finally, finishing our day in Champaign.

Carthage Jail

Of course, this site is infamous for the martyrdom of Joseph Smith, the Prophet of the Restoration. Within the walls of the fated room, the bullet holes are still visible in the wooden door. Traditionally, the blood of Hyrum Smith and others in the room stayed on the wooden floor boards for more than 100 years. After which, the prophet chose to clean the bloodstains as a sign of respect for those who had fallen.

This heart-wrenching tale of Joseph and Hyrum’s final moments in mortality is certain to off us insight and appreciation of the sacrifices they had made up to that point. Ideally, this is a great time for self-reflection, as well as thanksgiving for the willingness of those men to serve God in a full capacity.

Zelph’s Mound

In this vision on the mound, Joseph was shown an ancient Book of Mormon warrior, who was killed and buried there following one of the final battles between the Nephites and Lamanites. Remarkably, one of our first solid evidences of the Book of Mormon geography.

Important videos are shown on the bus as we traverse the state of Indiana. Stopping first at the Miamisburg Mound. Following which, we visit the not far distant Fort Ancient State Memorial. Overall, today is a wonderful journey through the Book of Mormon chronology!

Miamisburg Mound

Excitingly, this mound is the first of the Jaredite time-frame. Climbing to the top of this conical mound, we take in what the area may have looked like during this prehistoric period. Archaeologically, this mound’s construction dates back between 1000 BC to 200 CE when the Jaredites would have thrived and fallen. Through excavations, there are many artifacts, as well as construction methods that have been revealed to us. 

Fort Ancient State Memorial

Overall, this State Memorial site preserves remnants of the ancient Native American cultures. Including, a series of earthen mounds and embankments. Particularly, this site is associated the Fort Ancient culture, which thrived in the Ohio Valley region during pre-Columbian times. Key features, such as a massive earthen enclosure, stretches for more than three and a half miles. As a result, this is one of the largest hilltop enclosures in the United States. Additionally, the walls were constructed in various geometric shapes, moreover serving as both ceremonial, as well as defensive purposes.

Continuing our chronological journey, we visit the mysterious Serpent Mound. Following, the group explores Seip Mound, and afterwards, Mound City. Before the day is over, we visit the Ohio History Center in Columbus. At the close of the evening, a special presentation at our hotel will be provided by Rod Meldrum. 

Serpent Mound

Renowned for its distinctive serpentine shape, this ancient effigy stumps archaeologists and visitors alike. Approximately 1,348 feet long, this makes it one of the largest effigy mounds in the world. Exact age and cultural affiliation of the builders remain subjects of scholarly research, as well as speculation. Overall, the archaeological investigations at Serpent Mound include studies of the earthwork, its orientation, and celestial phenomena, as well as purpose.

However, its purpose is not definitively known, though various theories exist. For some, they suggest that it served as a ceremonial or religious site, possibly aligned with celestial events. Others, however, propose that it had symbolic significance related to indigenous cosmologies or cultural narratives. We explore the theories as related to the Book of Mormon chronology, coming to a fulfilling conclusion of events.

Seip Mound

The Hopewell Culture (Nephites) existed in the Eastern Woodlands of North America from approximately 100 BCE to 500 CE. Seip Mound stands a testament to their existence and culture, as well as their progressiveness as a people. This large conical mound has a base diameter of 240 feet and a height of about 30 feet. 

Additionally, the purpose of the mound is not precisely known. Of this type, mounds are often associated with ceremonial and burial, as well as religious practices. Moreover, excavations of this site yield a variety of artifacts, including burial mounds, ritual items, and objects crafted from materials, such as copper and mica.

Ohio History Center

This history center houses the largest collection of mound dweller data, in the surrounding area. Here, we see artifacts and physical items that help us to more fully picture the lifestyle of these Nephite nations in Ohio. 


Today you will experience what may be one of the most sacred locations in America, the Great Octagon and Great Circle. After which, we will spend time at the Johnson Hummrick House Museum to see the incredible Newark Holy Stones. From there, we will travel to Kirtland, visiting a few of the Church history sites nearby.

The Great Circle

Specifically, this mound built by ancient inhabitants of the continent, was formulated for protection. We can see in this video how this massive area would have been used to protect the people on top. 

Great Octagon

This earthwork is the largest on Earth. According to scientific carbon dating, this earthwork has been found to originate between 100-150 years after Christ. Interestingly, this scientific date adds a new measure of significance to the Great Octagon. Furthermore, as the site has been excavated, archaeologists come to recognize this site as sacred. Towards the front of the Octagon sacred artifacts are found, therefore causing archaeologists to land at this conclusion. 

Specifically, this site varies from other Hopewell sites, as it was not built in a manner of fortification and war. However, it was built in a way that would suggest the land was in a time of great peace. Therefore, this notion, along with the carbon dating of the mounds, lead us to believe that this ceremonial site was built as a result of Christ’s visitation to the inhabitants. Logically, this is the conclusion that can be drawn from available evidence. 

Emma & Joseph Home

This home once belonged to Joseph and Emma Smith, while living in Kirtland. This home has only recently been restored, and as a result, is now open for guided tours of the property. We are excited to provide our guests with an opportunity to see this newly opened restored home.

Historic Kirtland

Including sites such as the visitors center, Newel K Whitney store, and downtown historic Kirtland. Missionaries will guide us through each site, as well as introduce us to sites of revelation and spiritual significance. 

Overnight in Heath, Ohio

Early in the morning we take a visit at the Kirtland Temple. Following, we journey to New York, where we will continue to see sites of the Restoration. Including, the Smith Family Farm, as well as the Sacred Grove. Later, we stop at the Grandin Press, in order to see where the Book of Mormon was originally printed. Just up the street from the Palmyra Temple, is our hotel. Meaning, we have time to visit the temple for pictures before we overnight in Palmyra.

Kirtland Temple

The Kirtland Temple was the first temple constructed after the restoration of the Church of Jesus Christ. Long-anticipated, the early church members made several sacrifices to see to the fulfillment of its construction. Following its dedication, heavenly visitations and important revelations occurred within the temple walls. Including events such as the appearance of Jesus Christ, Moses, Elias, and Elijah. Plus, the receipt of sections of the Doctrine and Covenants.

Due to financial difficulties and persecution in Kirtland, the Church eventually lost the ownership of the temple. Various religious denominations and other associations used the temple as a meeting house and other purposes. Eventually, efforts to restore and preserve the Kirtland Temple were made. Now, it is owned and operated by the Community of Christ. We will head east and stop along the shores of Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes. 


The Sacred Grove

This sacred site is a wonderful addition to our Sunday worship. Time is available here to reflect upon the significance of this event, including the personal influence it has had on you. In addition to the Sacred Grove, the Smith Family Farm includes other historic structures, such as the log home where the Smith family lived. Unfortunately, there are usually many mosquitos in this area, therefore we encourage guests to bring repellent for personal use.

This morning we will drive to the crest of the one and only Hill Cumorah. Following, we have our departures from Rochester Airport for your flight home. We trust you to consider the profound impact the Book of Mormon Chronology Tour can have upon your testimony of the Book of Mormon, Joseph Smith, and the restored gospel of Jesus Christ.

Hill Cumorah

A historic hill, it overlooks the final resting places of two entire civilizations that once inhabited this land, and whose history is found in the Book of Mormon. From here, the prophet, Moroni, wrote of the final destruction of his people before depositing their sacred history into a stone box atop this very hill. At the visitors center, you may reflect upon this monumental history, its implications, its importance and relevance in our lives. 

Payment Terms: $300 pp deposit required at time of booking. Final payment is due 90 days before departure.

**this tour is based on a minimum of 20 passengers and a maximum of 50 passengers

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All Itinerary items are subject to change without notice at the discretion of the tour company, its hosts and affiliates.

Legacy Tours and Travel, LLC reserves the right to alter the itinerary and/or substitute sightseeing and/or other tour features if deemed necessary.

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