Sacred Mysterious of Egypt Header Pic

February 16-28, 2025

$ 3000 per person double occupancy
  • $3,560 pp single occupancy

Guided by Kris Kimball

Legacy Tours owner, Kris Kimball on tour bus

Tour Includes

Not Included:

Itinerary

Our adventure begins as we depart from home and head to Egypt. Arrival at the Cairo International Airport for the following day.

Arrival at Cairo International Airport. We fill out an Egyptian Entry Card and meet at the visa and custom processes. Transfer to our hotel and check-in for a welcome dinner and overnight.

Take this day to relax, rejuvenate from the long travels, and enjoy time exploring sites that we won’t cover as a group. 

Not sure what to do with free time on a tour? 

Consider visiting Islamic Cairo to explore historic mosques and architecture, such as the Citadel and Sultan Hassan Mosque. Relax in Al – Azhar Park, offering a peaceful oasis. Embrace the local atmosphere in cafes or take a felucca ride on the Nile. Additionally, you can experience the vibrant local culture by exploring markets like Khan El Khalili, trying traditional cuisine, or attending a performance.

Watch this video for tips from Legacy Tours about handling free time!

Dinner and overnight at our hotel in Cairo.

Breakfast and then travel to ancient Egypt with a full day of touring the wonders of the ancient world. Some of these Egyptian wonders even date back to 1000+ years before Abraham. 

During this exploration of Egypt’s Sacred Mysteries, we spend time at one of the seven wonders of the world, The Pyramids of Giza. Cheops, with an original height of 496 feet, is the most colossal pyramid ever built. You have the opportunity to go inside both Khufu (the largest pyramid) and Khafre (the second largest pyramid). Of course no visit to an ancient pyramid would be complete without a camel ride! In the afternoon we visit the Cairo Museum and see amazing antiquities. 


See the Egyptian Pyramids of Giza:

Monumentally, this tomb was constructed for the pharaohs. Additionally, the pyramids were designed to safeguard their earthly possessions, as well as ensure a smooth transition into the afterlife. The sheer mathematical and engineering prowess required for their construction remains one of the world’s most ancient mysteries. Plus, it stands as a testament to the advanced knowledge, in addition to organizational skills of the ancient Egyptian society.

Theories abound about the methods of construction, ranging from the use of ramps to intricate mathematical calculations guiding the layout. The precision with which the pyramids align with celestial bodies adds an additional layer of mystery to their purpose.


What Egyptian treasures we find in the Cairo Museum:
  • Tutankhamun’s Treasures – The museum gained international fame for its stunning collection from the tomb of Tutankham, including his golden mask. Famously, the mask is known for adorning the young pharaoh’s mummy upon discovery. The exhibit showcases intricate jewelry, statues, and artifacts, providing a glimpse into the opulence of ancient Egyptian royalty.
  • Royal Mummies – This museum houses a significant collection of royal mummies, offering visitors a rare opportunity. Not the least of which, is witnessing the well-preserved remains of some of Egypt’s most illustrious pharaohs.
  • Ancient Egyptian Artifacts – With over 120,000 items on display, the museum features a vast array of artifacts. Including, sculptures, pottery, jewelry, and tools. Combined, the artifacts provide a comprehensive overview of daily life, religious practices, and the artistic achievements of ancient Egyptians.

Renovations And The Grand Egyptian Museum – 

The Cairo Museum is undergoing renovations in preparation for the Grand Egyptian Museum, set to become one of the largest archaeological museums globally. This new museum, located near the Giza Pyramids, will house an even more extensive collection and offer a modern, immersive experience for visitors.

    Dinner and overnight in Cairo.

    Breakfast and then a transfer to the airport for our 75 minute flight to Aswan. Upon arrival, we visit the High Dam and Philae Temple.

    Egypt’s High Dam

    Officially, it is known as the Aswan High Dam and is a significant engineering feat constructed on the Nile River. Completed in 1970, it aims to control flooding, provide water storage for agriculture, and generate hydroelectric power. The dam created Lake Nasser, one of the world’s largest artificial reservoirs. While contributing to Egypt’s development, the dam has also sparked environmental and cultural discussions due to its impact on the river’s natural flow and historical sites. 

    Philae Temple

    This ancient Egyptian temple complex is dedicated to the goddess Isis. Located on Philae Island, it was originally built in the Ptolemaic era and later modified by the Romans. Due to the construction of the High Dam, relocation of the temple became necessary. Therefore, Agilkia Island is now its current home. The temple itself features impressive architecture, intricate carvings, and significant religious inscriptions. Relocation preserved this historical site, allowing visitors to explore its structures, as well as gain insights into ancient Egyptian mythology.

    The complex itself showcases remarkable structures, including the main temple dedicated to Isis, as well as smaller shrines honoring other deities. Additionally, the reliefs on the walls depict various religious scenes and ceremonies. Notably, some features include the Kiosk of Trajan and the Temple of Hathor. Philae Temple is renowned for its picturesque setting on an island in the Nile, adding to its allure. Visitors can appreciate both the historical and aesthetic aspects of this UNESCO World Heritage Site. Meanwhile, also exploring the remnants of Egypt’s rich cultural and religious heritage.

    Dinner and overnight in Aswan.

    We enjoy breakfast at the hotel before visiting Elephantine Island. This is a small, historic island located in the Nile River near Aswan. It has many archaeological sites, including ancient temples. From Elephantine Island we journey to Aswan Museum; also known as the Nubian Museum.

    Elephantine Island:

    Elephantine Island is a historic island located on the Nile River. It holds archaeological sites datin gback to ancient times, including the ruins of temples. These temples, specifically, dedicated to the idols of Khnum and Satet. Throughout Egyptian history, it has been a significant religious and cultural center. Also, featuring the Nilometer, which is an ancient device used to measure the Nile’s water levels. 

    Additionally, this island holds strategic importance in the Nile, serving both as a trade center, as well as military center. Overall, the island has witnessed several cultural influences, including Egyptian, Nubian, Greek, and Roman. As a bonus, the island houses the Nubian village of Siou and showcases traditional Nubian architecture. Overall, Elephantine Island serves as a multidisciplinary site where science contributes to unraveling the region’s geological and archaeological mysteries. 

    Aswan Museum:

    Also known as the Nubian Museum, the Aswan Museum on Elephantine Island is a notable cultural institution. Their focus remains fixated on preserving and showcasing the heritage of the Nubian people. Opened in 1997, the museum provides insight into the rich history, art, and traditions of the Nubian civilization. Exhibits include artifacts, sculptures, and displays related to Nubian daily life, as well as their language and religious practices. Also, the museum’s design incorporates Nubian architectural elements, creating an immersive experience that complements its educational mission. Additionally, its location is elevated enough that it offers panoramic view os Lake Nasser, what a treat!

    Later in the day we embark on our Nile cruise ship where we will have dinner and overnight.

    A breakfast box is provided for our early drive through the Nubian Desert to the Abu Simbel. We drive back to Aswan and have lunch on board of the ship while we sail to Kom Ombo. After visiting the Kom Ombo temple we will return to the ship for dinner and to overnight.

    Abu Simbel – A Treasure of Egypt: 
    The Great Temple of Abu Simbel

    The Great Temple is dedicated to Ramses II, also standing as an iconic symbol of his power. Carved into the mountainside, it features four colossal seated statues of Ramses II at the entrance. Each of which, is approximately 20 meters tall. As for the interior, it showcases many intricate mural depicting military triumphs and religious scenes. Twice a year, on specific dates, sunlight penetrates the temple, resulting in an illumination of the inner sanctuary. Additionally, it highlights the statues of the gods that rest there.

    Temple of Queen Nefertari

    Of the two temples at Abu Simbel, the Temple of Queen Nefertari is the smaller. Likewise, it features statues of the queen at the entrance, as well as houses beautifully detailed carvings inside. The reliefs depict scenes of Nefertari making offerings to the gods. While smaller in scale compared to the Great temple, the temple of Queen Nefertari is equally impressive. As evidence, it emphasizes the significance of Ramses II’s relationship with his queen in ancient Egyptian history and reiligion.

    Relocation Process

    Originally, these massive rock temples were carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II. As a result, the main temple is dedicated to Ramses II himself, while the smaller one honors his queen, Nefertari. One of the most remarkable aspects of Abu Simbel is its relocation in the 1960s. Primarily, this is due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam. As a result, the entire complex was dismantled and relocated to higher ground to avoid being submerged by Lake Nasser. This engineering feat preserved these ancient structures.

    Kom Ombo:
    History of Kom Ombo

    Located on the Nile River, Kom Ombo is an ancient Egyptian temple. Constructed during the Ptolemaic dynasty (180 -47 BCE), and which later expanded during the Roman period. Uniquely, this temple is well known for its symmetrical design. Two separate entrances and duplicate halls, as well as courts and sanctuaries emerged, as a result of the symmetry. Including the ability to worship and dedicate the space to separate gods, as is indicated with the duplicate sanctuary spaces.

    Significance of Kom Ombo

    The temple holds significance as a rare double temple, dedicated to two major deities — Sobek and Horus. Sobek, also known as the crodile god, and Horus, also known as the Elder, falcon-headed god. Its location on a bend in the Nile makes it a strategic and sacred site. Also, the temple served as a healing center, with an associated hospital where surgical instruments where discovered. This, of course, emphasizes the role it has had in medical practices of the time.

    Religious Aspects of Kom Ombo

    Dual dedication to Sobek and Horus the Elder reflects the temple’s role in addressing different aspects of life. Sobek, associated with the Nile and fertility, symbolized protection against dangers. While Horus on the other hand, linked the sun and sky, represented the divine kingship. Additionally, inscriptions and reliefs along temple walls depict various religious rituals. Plus medical procedures, and scenes related to the worship of these deities. Overall, they offer insights into the religious beliefs and practices of ancient Egyptians of the area. 

    Breakfast before our visit to the Edfu temple by horse-drawn carriage. We sail after, towards Luxor via Esna Lock. Lunch on board and arrival to Luxor by nightfall. 

    We visit the temple of Luxor while fully illuminated in the night. The temple of Luxor was constructed during the New Kingdom period and served as a center for religious rituals and festivals. The temple features grand avenues, colossal statues, and intricate hieroglyphs, making it a remarkable example of Egyptian architecture and artistry. 

    Edfu Temple – Significance, History & Religious Importance
    Significance & Religious Importance.

    The temple at Edfu is dedicated to Horus, the falcon-headed god, symbolizing kingship and protection. Edfu served as a major religious center as well as being part of a pilgrimage route. Annually, the “Feast of the Beautiful Meeting” between Horus and Hathor was celebrated here. This of course, being a symbol of their divine union. Additionally, this divine union is believed to ensure harmony and fertility in the cosmos, making it a sacred event. 

    History

    Edfu Temple was built on the site of an earlier temple. Also known for its well-preserved state, and primarily owing it to being buried in desert sand for centuries. Originally, construction of this edifice began in 237 BCE and completed over several generations. 

    Temple at Luxor

    As the only temple available for visiting in the evening, we take advantage of this opportunity to see it all lit up. Adding to its stunning complex, and overall atmosphere. Originally, this structure was constructed by Amenhotep III in 1392 BCE. Later, this complex was expanded by Tutankhamun, Ramses II, and other pharaohs. Traditionally, it served as a focal point of the annual Opet Festival, celebrating the rejuvenation of the pharaoh’s divine power.

    Dedicated to the Theban Triad —Amun, his wife Mut, and their son Khonsu — it was believed to be the dwelling place of the divine during certain festivals. The temple is also strategically linked with the Karnak Temple via the Avenue of Sphinxes. The temple boasts impressive structures, including the massive First Pylon, the Colonnade of Amenhotep III with its elegant columns, and the Great Court. Notable additions incude the obelisks — one of which now stands in the Place de la Concorde in Paris — and the Mosque of Abu al-Haggag. Overall, representing the temple’s adaptations through different historical periods.

    Overnight on board the ship.

    Breakfast before disembarking the ship and driving out to visit the Dendera and Aybdos temples. After which, we return to Luxor and check into our hotel.

    Hathor Temple at Dendera

    Renowned for its unique astronomical features. Above all, it is known for housing the famous Dendera Zodiac. Of which, is a depiction of the night sky with constellations, signs of the zodiac, and various astronomical symbols. This famous symbol can be seen on the ceiling of the inner hypostyle hall of the temple. Additionally, this intricate carving has sparked discussions and theories about ancient Egyptian astronomical knowledge. As well as the influence that knowledge may have had on design amongst their temples.

    Moreover, the Mammisi at Dendera is a noteworthy structure. Mammisi, meaning “birth house,” is associated with the divine birth o the temple’s principal deity, Hathor. It often contains scenes depicting the divine birth of the pharaoh, emphasizing their divine lineage. In addition to these features, the temple at Dendera is known for its preservation. According to some, it is the best-preserved temple in Egypt. Along with its rich iconography, it makes a significant archaeological and historical site.

    Abydos Temple

    This ancient Egyptian site is a collection of multiple temples, however the most famous of which is the Temple of Seti I. Seti I initieated the project and his son, Ramses II completed it. The temple is dedicated to the god of the afterlife, Osiris. Also, it serves as a memorial for Seti I and a place of worship for Osiris. 

    The temple is renowned for its religious and funerary significance, hosting the Osireion. A particularly intriguing aspect, the Osireion at Abydos structure hosts a connection between the pharaohs and Osiris. This subterranean structure is still a subject of debate, especially about its purpose. Additionally, theories propose that it served as a symbolic tomb for Osiris or a cenotaph for Seti I.

    Another notable feature of Abydos is the King List. Carved on the walls of the temple, it lists the names of many pharaohs from the earliest dynasties to the time of Seti I. This king list provides valuable historical and chronological information about the early rulers of ancient Egypt. Additionally, the temple of Abydos is known for its royal tombs, including where pharaohs and high-ranking officials are buried. Overall, it continues to be a crucial archaeological site, shedding light on the beliefs, rituals, and royal egacy of ancient Egypt.

    Dinner and overnight in Luxor.

    *An optional sunrise Hot Air Balloon ride is available upon request*

    Breakfast and a visit to the west bank: including the Valley of the Kings, the Colossi of Memnon, and Medinet Habu Temple.

    Valley of the Kings

    While many tombs are associated with pharaohs, some belong to royal family members and other high-ranking officials. Famously, this valley houses the tombs of several pharaohs, such as Ramses II, Tutankhamun, and Seti I. Primarily, this area was chosen for its secluded location, believed to provide better protection against looting by tomb robbers. 

    Tombs at the Valley of the Kings

    The tombs at the valley are cut into the limestone cliffs, often consisting of long corridors and burial chambers, as well as antechambers. Decorations inside these various tombs depict scenes from both the life of the deceased, as well as rituals and spells from the Book of the Dead. As a result, these depictions are meant to guide the pharaoh safely through the journey to the afterlife.

    Lessons Learned from the Valley

    Overall, the Valley of the Kings represents a masterful blend of art as well as religious beliefs. As a result, providing valuable insights into ancient Egyptian burial practices. Additionally, the valley stands as a testament to the sophistication of the ancient Egyptian funerary architecture, plus the reverence for the afterlife in their culture.

    Colossi of Memnon

    Famous for the “singing” or “whistling” sounds they occasionally produce, these twin statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III make up the Colossi of Memnon. Situated on the west bank of the Nile near Luxor and originally built in 1350 BCE. Meant to be part of the mortuary temple complex of AmenhotepII, known as the “Temple of Millions of Years.” Ironically, this vast complex which once stood along the Nil has but disappeared over time. 

    The statues are symbolic representations of the pharaoh’s grandeur, as well as divine power. Originally, they flanked the entrance of the mortuary temple. Each colossus stands about 60 feet tall, and impressively, are carved from a single block of quartzite sandstone. Depicting Amenhotep III seated on a trhone, therefore presenting a powerful and imposing image.

    Medinet Habu – Mortuary Temple of Ramses III

    Constructed in the 12th century BCE, Medinet Habu served as a mortuary temple dedicated ot the pharaoh and a place for the worship of the gods. It also acted as an administrative and economic center. This temples is renowned today for its well-preserved reliefs and inscriptions, which provide valuable insights. Including, insights into religious and military practices, as well as the every day life of ancient Egypt. The site plays a crucial role in the history of the “Feast of the Valley.” Associated with the afterlife and renewal of royal power.

    Features of this grand mortuary temple are many. For example, Hypostyle Hall and Courtyards, Military scenes, Economic and Administrative structures, and finally, mortuary temple designs. Each of these features include reliefs of depictions, scenes, statues, stelae, and detailed accounts of tactics and encounters. Overall, they showcase to us how vast and complex the life line of Egypt has been.

    Dinner and overnight at the hotel in Luxor.

    Breakfast before visiting the Valley of the Queens and Karnak Temple. After visiting these beautiful sights we will take a late afternoon flight back to Cairo where we overnight.

    The Valley of the Queens

    The Valley of the Queens is an archaeological site where many queens and other high-ranking women of Egypt were buried. While not as famous as the nearby Valley of the Kings, it contains beautifully decorated tombs, including that of Queen Nefertari, the favorite wife of Pharaoh Ramses II, which is renowned for its stunning artwork. Tombs of the Amarna Princesses can be found at the valley as well.

    Hatshepsut Temple
    The Female Pharaoh

    Hatshepsut is the female pharaoh of 15th century BCE ancient Egypt. As a way to legitimize her rule and keep others from erasing her face in history, she embarked on a great architectural journey. Her mortuary temple was designed for her worship, as well as the worship of the sun god, Amun-Ra. As her reign is marked by significant building projects, this mortuary temple is one of the most iconic. it symbolizes her unprecedented rise to power as a female pharaoh. 

    Features of the Temple

    The temple as a whole is characterized by terraced colonnades and imposing statues, as well as unique architectural design nestled against the cliffs of Deir el-Bahari. As expected, the reliefs and inscriptions depict scenes from Hatshepsut’s life, her divine birth, and the expedition to Punt. Additionally, the temple consists of three terraced levels. Each of which, has it its own set of colonnades and sanctuaries. Noteworthy is the Hathor Chapel, dedicated to the goddess Hathor. 

    Karnak Temple

    Arguably, Karnak Temple is one of the most important religious sites in ancient Egypt. Now, the temple serves as a vast open-air museum with several notable features. The Great Hypostyle Hall houses 134 massive columns, and as a result is one of Karnak’s most remarkable features. Each column is beautifully, as well as intricately decorated with hieroglyphics and reliefs. Impressively, Karnak boasts numerous obelisks, including the famous obelisk of Hatshepsut. Additionally, the complex houses an impressive array of statues depicting pharaohs and various deities.

    In continuation of Karnak’s many remarkable features, the complex includes a large artificial lake. Traditionally, the lake is believed to had religious and symbolic significance. Possibly, it may have been used in purification ceremonies and rituals. As mentioned in Luxor, the Avenue of Sphinxes is a large processional avenue lined with sphinx statues. This avenue connects the temple at Luxor with that at Karnak, creating a ceremonial route for religious festivals.

    We are excited to explore each of these marvelous sacred mysteries as a group. Karnak Temple is not only a testament to ancient Egyptian architectural prowess, but also provides invaluable insights into the religious and political history of Egypt.

    Dinner and overnight in Cairo.

    Breakfast and then travel to visit the Sakkara Pyramid and tomb of Unas. This is the first step pyramid, later inspiring the design of the Great Pyramids of Giza. Visit Abu Serga, the traditional Church of Jesus and his Holy Family. Tradition holds that the young Mary and Joseph sought protection for Jesus from King Herod’s death order at this site. 

    A Look at the Tomb of Unas: 
    • Pyramid Texts: Within the tomb are the Pyramid Texts. Singly, the Pyramid Texts are the oldest religious texts known from ancient Egypt. Inscriptions are carved onto the walls of the burial chamber and antechamber, as well as the corridor. Additionally, these inscriptions are a collection of spells, prayers, and hymns intended to guide the pharaoh’s soul through the afterlife. These texts are considered a precursor to the later Coffin texts, and then, the Book of the Dead.
    • Burial Chamber: The burial chamber contains a granite sarcophagus that once held the remains of Pharaoh Unas. The walls surrounding the sarcophagus are covered with Pyramid Texts, emphasizing the pharaoh’s divine status. Scenes on the wall include offerings, rituals, and symbolic representations associated with the pharaoh’s divine ascension.

    Abu Serga is also known as the Church of St. Sergius and Bacchus. It is one of the oldest and most significant Coptic Christian churches in Cairo, Egypt. This historic church is believed to have been built on the spot where the Holy Family, according to tradition, sought refuge during their escape into Egypt. As a result, it holds deep religious and historical importance for any Coptic Christians or those interested in the Christian heritage of Egypt.

    To end the night, we will return to the Pyramids of Giza to see the evening Light Show. 

    Overnight in Cairo

    Today we will eat breakfast at the hotel and say goodbye to the ancient land of Egypt. We will depart from the Cairo International Airport and begin our journeys home. 

    Payment Terms: $300 pp deposit required at time of booking. Final payment due 90 days before departure.

    **this tour is based off of a minimum of 20 passengers and a maximum of 40 passengers

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